Creating a testable WCF RIA Domain Service – Part 2


I posted a few weeks ago about writing a testable LinqToEntities domain service and came up with a number of options. The last one was my preferred choice i.e. use of the new keyword to “overwrite” the real context on the base class with an interface that your context implements. I’ve now refined it to create a very simple class that I call the MockableDomainService.

Here’s how it works: –

1. Create a mockable EF object context

This has been covered in many places on the net so I won’t bore you with the details; instead I’ll point you here again and show a class diagram of how your mocked context might look:

image

2. Copy the code for MockableDomainService

MockableDomainService inherits from LinqToEntitiesDomainService, but unlike that service class, this one is not as closely coupled to your ObjectContext. Instead it has two generic parameters – the ObjectContext (in our example, BusinessContext) and the testable interface that it implements (IBusinessContext).

You can download the code here, but here’s the code (I’m pasting the code as a screenshot since I still can’t figure out how to gracefully paste code into WordPress with Windows Live Writer…)

image

3. Inherit from MockableDomainService

Now take your real domain service, and inherit from MockableDomainService instead of the LinqToEntitiesDomainService. In your production code, simply create it with the default constructor. When you want to test your domain service, create it passing in your Fake object context instead. All your Domain Service queries will now execute against that instead – job done!

There’s still things that need work on this mockable domain service – you’ll still need to get it to handle change sets and the like – basically all the other stuff that LinqToEntities domain service gives you – but for getting going and at least testing out your queries, this should work just fine.

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